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语言智能,在未来教育中扮演什么角色
 
文章来源:光明网-《光明日报》   阅读次数:514   发布时间:2019-3-2 18:03:48
责任编辑:徐皓   

zuozhe:zhoujianshe(shoudoushifandaxuezhongguoyuyanzhinengyanjiuzhongxinjiaoshou)

  人工智能对教育的影响,不是接受与不接受的问题,而是如何顺势而为的问题。中国人工智能学会理事长李德毅院士强调,教育是重要的民生,也是将来人才培养最大的红利。智能教育是人口红利的最大红利。开展智能教育相关领域的语言智能研究,对于我国教育事业的全面发展有着重大意义。

  语言智能(Language  Intelligence)是语言信息的智能化,是运用计算机信息技术模仿人类的智能,分析和处理人类语言的过程,是人工智能的重要组成部分及人机交互认知的重要基础和手段。语言智能有力促进了语言教学、语言学习的智能化,拓展了语言学研究的新领域,在未来教育发展中将发挥越来越重要的作用。

 智能教育的时代特征

  yuyanzhinengdexunsujueqiweijiaoyubiangedailaileqiansuoweiyoudetiaozhan,tongshiyedailailexindefazhanjiyu。2018nian,jiaoyubuyinfale《jiaoyuxinxihua2.0xingdongjihua》。gaijihuadehexinyaoyishichuangxinyinling,kaiqizhinengshidaixinzhengcheng。bansuizheshoujiezhinengjiaoyudahuidelongzhongzhaokai,jiaoyuzhinenghuaxumuyijinglakai,zhongguokaishimairuzhinengjiaoyuxinshidai。

  jiaoyuxinxihuafenweijishuhua、zhinenghuahezhihuihuasangejieduan。jishuhuashirangxianshidadaojizhi,yiarjishuweibiaozhi;zhinenghuashirangsuanfadadaojizhi,yiqingganjisuanweibiaozhi;zhihuihuashiranglijiedadaojizhi,yirenjijiaohuweibiaozhi。woguojiaoyuxinxihuadaolu,zi1978nianguangbodianshidaxuetansuokaishi,jingguo40niandejianshe,jibenwanchenglejishuhua,muqianyijinrujiaoyuxinxihuadezhongjijieduan——zhinengjiaoyujieduan。

  zhinengjiaoyuaief(rengongzhinengyujiaoyudeshenduronghe)shiliyongrengongzhinengjishu,yijujiaoyudashuju,jingzhunjisuanxueshengdezhishijichu、xuekeqingxiang、siweileixing、qingganpianhao、nengliqianzhiai,jiehexideguilvhejiaoyuguilve,helipeizhijiaoyujiaoxueneirongfusion,kexueshishiyincaishijiao,cujinxueshenggexinghuaquanmianfazhanhehexinsuyangquanmiantisheng。

  zhinengjiaoyushiduichuantongjiaoyumoshidezhongdabiange。jinqimubiaoshijianfudan、jihuoli、qiangnengli,jiushijianqingjiaoshijiandanzhongfuxinglaodong,tigaoxueshengdexuexixingqu、xueyeshuiping,zengqiangxueshengdehexinsuyangheshengcunnengli。yuanqimubiaoshikexueshishiyincaishijiao,zhenzhengshixiangexinghuarencaipeiyang,kaipiyijujiaoyudashujutruthidxuanbaxueshengshengxuedexintujing。

  语言智能助力教育改革

  zuoweiyuyanxueyurengongzhinengdejiaochaxueke,zitichuyilai,yuyanzhinengshizhongzhuzhonglilunheyingyongshuangxianfazhanzhanlve,yifangmiancongneibutichulegezhonglilunhemoshi,lingyifangmiancongbutongshijiaokaizhanlekuaxuekeyanjiu,tixianchuzirankexueheshehuikexuedeshuangzhongtedian。

  一、切合人工智能时代能力新需求。人工智能时代,如AlphaGo之类的机器都具有了记忆和思考能力。技术的发展直接影响人才培养的目标,对学生的能力培养目标也发生了转化。人工智能时代更重视培养学生自主学习、提出问题、创新思维的能力。

  chuantongjiaoyuhuodongzhong,jiaoshidejiaoxuesiweizhijieyingxianglexueshengdesiweipeiyangqingxiang。yuyanzhinengxiliejiaoxuechanpincongyuantouyingxiangjiaoshijiaoxuesiwei,tongguojianshedaguimoxuexiziyuanshujuku、zaixianxuexijiaoyupingtai,quanmianfenxigetixuexiqingkuang,jingzhuntuisongxuexineirongdengfangshizuidaxiandudibaozhenglexueshengzizhuxuexi、dulisikaonenglidepeiyang,congjiaoshi、xueshengshuangxiangrushou,yindaonenglipeiyangqingxiang。

  二、指导创新教学辅助技术研发。创新教学辅助技术是语言智能研究的重点目标之一,在终身学习、个性化学习逐渐占据主流的时代要求下,人们需要更便捷、更优质的学习资源和多样化、针对性的教学辅助服务。智能批改、智能阅读等语言智能相关产品率先从语文学习入手,做到为学生提供独立学习环境、多元知识获取途径、在线学习辅导服务、开放式学习交互服务等内容,实现从知识来源到知识获取、知识掌握及运用等全过程的教学辅助服务。近5年来,语言智能高速发展,取得了令人瞩目的成就。语言智能研究热点主要包括机器翻译、语音识别和语音合成、语音评测、智能批改、智能写作等领域,智能阅读等新兴领域也逐渐发展成为研究热点。

  三、以语文教学助力教学变革。在人工智能技术的干预下,教育正在经历从传统到智能的颠覆性转变,逐渐体现出传统课堂向智能课堂转化、经验质量向科学质量转化、硬件搭台向软件唱戏转化、消费知识向创造知识转化、传授知识向指导学习转化、归一导学向个体适配转化、定性评价向数据测算转化的新局面。

  yuyanzhinengyanjiucongzuinangaigedeyuwenjiaoxuerushou,dianfuketangjiaoxuemoshi,chedizhuanbianjiaoshijiaose,datongjiaoxueziyuangongxiangtongdao,yizhinengjishufuzhutigonggexinghuajiaoxuefangan,bingcaiyongrenjihudongdemoshishixian“wanchengzuoye—zidongpigai”deduocixunhuan,bujinshidejiaoshicongfanzhongdezuoyepigaigongzuozhongdedaojietuo,nenggoujizhongjingliguanzhuxueshengdezonghenenglipeiyang,yezaizuidaxiandushangbaozhenglexueshengdexuexijijixinghezijuexing,bianbeidongxuexiweizhudongxuexi。

  语言智能促进教育发展

  yuyanzhinengyanjiuyaoyifuwuguojiajiaoyujunhengfazhanweimubiao,tuchujiaoyuyingyongquxiang,lizuyushijian,fuhetishengguojiazhilinenglidezhongdaxianshixuqiu。

  一、服务国家教育均衡发展。我国教育事业发展的重要目标之一是教育均衡发展,促进教育公平。城镇化快速推进导致城乡二元分化现象突出,进而产生出教育资源分配不均衡等一系列社会问题,直接影响教育均衡化发展目标的实现。发达地区和落后地区、中心城区和远郊区县的学校之间,在师资、生源、软件硬件等设备、教学效果等方面都呈现出明显的不均衡状态。

  《guojiajiaoyushiyefazhan“shisanwu”guihua》zhongtidao,yigaigechuangxinqudongjiaoyufazhan。zhinengjiaoyuzhizaiyixinxihuaweishouduan,jinerkuodayouzhijiaoyuziyuandefugaifanwei,jiaqiangzhinengjishuzaixuexiguochengzhongdeshijiyingyong,tigaoluohoudiquxueshengjiechuyouzhijiaoyudegailv,shixianjiaoyudejingzhunfupin。yuyanzhinengcongyuyanxuexixiangguanjishuyanfarushou,congziyuanjunheng、zhinengfuzhujiaoxuedengfangmianzhilitishengluohoudiqujiaoyushuiping,fuwuwoguojiaoyufazhanzhengtimubiao。

  二、重视语言教育应用取向。当前的语言智能研究正面临实现发展跨越的良好时机。语言智能特别关注脑认知技术、自然语言理解等领域的研究,主要有以机器理解为主的自然语言理解相关理论研究、以认知模式为基础的新型语义学研究等。语言智能研究始终以教育应用为导向,用最实用的技术实现最实际的学习效果。

  lideyibiaoshi,xuexibushiguanshu,ershilijie,yingcezhongjiaohuguocheng。zai“zhinengkexueyujishu”dexunmengfazhanzhong,yuyanzhinengjiqiyanjiuyouzhishigongchengzouxiangrenzhigongcheng,yixuexiweizhongxin,jujiaoyunaorenzhideyanjiuheliyong,zhuyaobaokuodu—yuyanrenzhi,kan—tuxiangrenzhi,xiang—jiyirenzhi、jisuanrenzhi、jiaohurenzhidengfangmian,zhongshiyanfachengguozaiyuyanjiaoyuguochengzhongdeshijiyingyong。

  zaiyuyanzhinengjiaoxuefuzhujishudexiezhuxia,jiaoyuxinxihua2.0tichude“sangezhuanbian”mubiao——congjiaoyuzhuanyongziyuanxiangjiaoyudaziyuanzhuanbian,congtishengshishengxinxijishuyingyongnenglixiangtishengxinxisuyangzhuanbian,congrongheyingyongfazhanxiangchuangxinfazhanzhuanbian——huigenghaoshixian。

  2030nian,jianchengshijierengongzhinenggaodishiguojiazhanlve,jiaoyuzhinenghuashiqizhongyaobufen。shishizhinengjiaoyuwubigaoduzhongshidingcengshejiheyingyongshiyan,zunxunzhengfuzhudaozhengcefangxiang、zhuanjiayinlingqianyanjishu、qiyezhutuichanpinluodi、xuexiaocuishengjiaoyuchengxiaodezuzhimoshi,yiganzhi、chuanshu、cunchutiaojianweijichu,yizhinengketangweihexin,yizhinengjiaoshi、zhinengshuju、zhinengfuwuhezhinengguanliweizhicheng,jianshewuweiyitidezhinengjiaoyushengtaixitong。

  qiangguozhijizairencai,rencaizhidaozaijiaoyu,jiaoyuzhigangzaifangan,fanganzhiyaozaineihan,neihanzhibenzaizhishi,zhishizhishouzaifangshi,fangshizhiqiangzaizhineng。yuyanzhinengyanjiukeyifahuizishendeyoushihetezhang,congfangshiheneihanlianggecengmianduijiaoyufali。yuyanzhinengyanjiuyinggengjiazhudongguanzhujiaoyuhuodongdengyuyanshenghuo,zhudongduijieguojiajiaoyujunhenghuafazhanzhanlve,qidaoyinlingjiaoyufazhan、daidongjiaoyubiangedexianfengzuoyong。

  《guangmingribao》( 2019nian03yue02ri 12ban)

 

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